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Robotics

What is this technology?:

Robots or robotic systems are those systems that are able to perform duties that humans are either unable to or prefer not to perform, or repetitive tasks, or, those jobs that require more precision than what a human can achieve.  Robotics is hardly a new field. Robotic systems are routinely used in manufacturing, for example on production lines. However, lately robotics is gaining lot of interest and growing at a fast pace mainly thanks to the advanced made in Computer Science and Engineering, specifically the advances in Artificial Intelligence are resulting in humanoid robots and finding use in new areas such as in restaurants and retail.

To learn more, you can check sources like YouTube or Wikipedia. We’ve found one such interesting video that explains the history of this technology. Here’s the link.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uoC2ZGRI8a8

Education and Skills: Robotics is primarily an Engineering discipline. Engineers with backgrounds in Mechanical, Electrical, or Software Engineering can enter the field of robotics and put their creativity to use. Robotics engineers may work in the agricultural, military, medical, and manufacturing industries, among others, conceiving of new uses for robots, designing improved robots for existing systems, or repairing and maintaining industrial robots, says the Princeton Review (www.princetonreview.com).

Careers: Careers in Robotics range from engineers to technicians to scientists.

A Few Companies that are in this Area:

Company Name Sample products Main focus website
Touch Bionics i-digits quantum Healthcare Touch Bionics
iRobot Roomba, Scooba Home robots iRobot
Google Driverless autonomous cars Cars Google

What kind of Jobs are available in this field?:

Here’re a few sample jobs to give an idea about the kind of the skills needed and the roles in Robotics.

Job Role Job Description Education Requirements Other Skills Source
Robotic Scientist Robotic scientists build mechanical devices to perform various tasks. Some design machines to go where humans can’t go safely, like into outer space or deep underwater. Bachelor’s degree related to Computer Science or Engineering. May require certifications in computer languages and software programs and state-specific licenses. Robotic Scientist
Robotic Technician Robot technicians perform a crucial function of robotics engineering, a field with its feet already planted in the industrial arena. Bachelor’s degree related to Computer Science or Engineering. Computer programming and electromechanical engineering skills and knowledge. Robotic Technician
Robotic Engineer Robotics engineers are responsible for designing, testing, and building robots. Bachelor’s degree, master’s degree. Unified Robotics, computer science, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, physics, calculus. Robotic Engineer

What kind of courses and degrees or certifications I can do to enter this field?:

Sample courses and certifications and degrees in Robotics are given below to get an idea.

Category Description Institute/Organization Website
Course Robotics Carnegie Mellon University Robotics Institute
Certificate Professional Certificate in Robotics Engineering Florida International University Robotics Certification
Degree or Diploma M.Sc in Robotics Bristol University Bristol University

Professional Associations or Organizations:

Here’re a few associations or organization that you can join to network with other professionals in Robotics.
Association Description Website
RIA Robotic Industries Association RIA
IFR International Federation of Robotics IFR
BARA British Automation and Robot Association BARA
ARAA Australian Robotics and Automation Association ARAA

Resources:

Here’s a few resources to learn more about Robotics and the applications of the same.

Resource Description Link
Demo Video Aldebaran Robotics founder and CEO Bruno Maisonnier demos the latest version of the Nao humanoid robot. Demo Video
Article Articles and interactive features. Article
Link to an image Robotic Description Image Link to an image
Tool or a method The Robotics Center is a cluster and DLR’s competence center for research and development in the areas of robotics Tool or a method


Augmented Reality

What is this technology?:

Augmented Reality, aka AR is an emerging technology that blends Virtual Reality (VR), Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Computer Graphics (CG).To put in simple words, AR allows a static image to come alive.  The technology is primarily based on image recognition. AR has already found quite a few commercial uses and is growing rapidly.

See the images below. Courtesy: Space 4D+ iPhone App from Octagon Studio.(https://www.octagonstudio.com/)

When we place a smart phone with the Space 4D+ application with camera facing the static image, see how the picture comes alive.

 

augmented reality.png           augmented reality1.png

 

Current applications of AR range from industry verticals such as education to games to entertainment to retail. AR is also used as a tool in Marketing.

Education and Skills: Augmented Reality (AR) is a software field primarily. Degree or Diploma in programming/computer science is very helpful. Good understanding of graphics, web and mobile technologies like HTML, CSS, JavaScript and exposure to a range of CMS software is needed to enter this field.

Careers: Since this is an evolving field, new roles are likely to emerge in the next 5 to 10 years. But the careers are very likely to be those of the software field like ‘developer’ ‘QA engineer’ ‘Front End Designer’ and ‘Digital Project Manager”

A Few Companies that are in this Area:

Company Name Sample products in AR area website
AR Media AR-media™ Augmented Reality Platform, ARmedia 3D SDK software AR Media
Octagon Animal 4D+, Space 4D+, Octaland 4D+ Octagon
Aurasma AR platform that allows the end users to create their own AR content Aurasma
Documobi documobiFUSE allows a cleaver marketing campaign utilizing AR technology and CRM techniques. Documobi

What kind of Jobs are available in this field?:

Core AR is primarily a software field at this time. Augmented Reality is a promising field for software professional and people in the related areas. IT professionals can learn AR technology and enter this field.

Job Role Job Description Education Requirements Other Skills
Developers AR application development typically on mobile platforms. Computer Science or related field. Understanding of AR technology, Web development skills, exposure to mobile development.
Designers Digitally design every aspect of the visual element of a given project, be a commercial or product infomercial or an educational video utilizing AR technology. Courses in digital design. Understanding of AR, working knowledge of digital design applications like Adobe Photoshop and a good portfolio of digital design work.
Digital PM or Producer This is a project management role that may require working with clients in building custom digital solutions for their marketing campaigns or their products. This role requires the ability to coordinate and manage small to big teams consisting of designers, developers, QA specialists and the client side team. Computer Science or related field or digital design experience with relevant Project Management experience. Working knowledge of PM techniques such as Agile, Lean, Waterfall etc. Prior experience in digital projects. Prior experience with AR or VR projects in some role.

What kind of courses and degrees or certifications I can do to enter this field?:

Here’re a sampling of courses and certifications and degrees in Augmented Reality, aka AR.

Category Description More Info
Courses AR platform, AR building blocks, AR User Interactions etc. Explore online courses to get an idea about the basics of AR
Degree Degree in Computer Science or related field with a focus on Image Processing or Information Visualization Visit university websites such as MIT Media Lab, University of California and University of Washington to review their courses and projects in AR.

Professional Associations or Organizations:

Here’re a few associations or organization that you can join to network with other professionals in AR.

Association Description Website
EuroVR A Europe based non-profit organization to bring together people interested in AR and VR EuroVR
AugmentedReality.Org Is a non-profit platform for people interested in AR or AR start-ups to learn, network and connect via events, conferences and MeetUps. AugmentedReality.Org
AREA AR for Enterprise Alliance is a global member-based non-profit organization, that is (as per their website) “dedicated to widespread adoption of interoperable AR-enabled enterprise systems.” AREA

Resources:

Here’s a few resources to learn more about AR technology and the applications of the same.

Resource Description Link
Demo Video AR demo video from the company ‘current’ Demo Video
Article Link to an article on AR Article
Tool or a method Discussion on developer tools for Augmented Reality Tool or a method


3D Printing

What is this technology?:

3D printers make three dimensional objects by printing them layer by layer , aka additive manufacturing technique using a 3D design. As opposed to 2D printers, which are widely in use, which print text or graphics on a paper, 3D printers actually make physical objects like mugs, mechanical arms, small figures etc. Recent advances in 3D printing made it possible to shrink the size of the 3D printers to that of a desktop printer size and hence making their way for home use. At the same time, industrial use of 3D printers is growing due to the possibility of less waste, increased precision and the ability to mass customize. 3D printing is finding it’s use from healthcare to manufacturing to consumer goods.

You can 3D print a shoe or a cake or even an organ these days. 3D printing is expected to revolutionize the manufacturing industry in the next few years to come. This technology is growing at a rapid pace and new jobs and careers are created in 3D printing at a breath taking speed.

To learn more, you can check sources like YouTube or Wikiperdia. We’ve found one such interesting video on YouTube about 3D Printing.  Here’s the link.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vx0Z6LplaMU&feature=youtu.be

A Few Companies that are in this Area:

Company Name Sample Products Main Focus Website
Stratasys (This is a 3D Printing Solutions Company) Shaping young Hearts: Stratasys helps a Surgeon save more kids. Link:Stratasys They claim to be at the forefront of 3D Printing innovation and help in shaping our world to become simpler through their work. Stratasys
Shapeways (3D Printing Service and Marketplace) This shop enables people to make, shop, sell and connect 3D objects such as accessories in their market place. Example; Shapeways They enable everyone to bring their ideas to life with the help of 3D printing. Shapeways
MakerBot Compact 3D Printer, MakerBot filament 3D printers and tools MakerBot

What kind of Jobs are available in this field?:

Here’re a few sample jobs to give an idea about the kind of skills are needed and the roles in 3D Printing.

Job Role Job Description Education Requirements Other Skills Source
Firmware Engineer Responsible for design of electronic hardware and code for 3D Printers Masters Degree in Electrical Engineering, Computer Science or related field. • VHDL and Verilog HDL (multiple Hardware Description Language knowledge)
• high-speed serial communication
• I2C
• CAN Network
• 3D Printing
Firmware Engineer
3D Printing Designers Responsible for creating computer designs for a given object that can be 3D printed. Like a mug, a shoe, an aircraft wing part etc. Degree or diploma in design with a special focus on design tools like CAD. Should have an understanding of 3D printing, experience in 3D design and a basic understanding of CAD software and slicing programs. 3D Printing Designers
Embedded Software Engineer Responsible for architecture, design, development and testing of embedded software and firmware BS in Computer Engineering, Computer Science or Electrical Engineering Embedded systems programing Embedded Software Engineer
3D Printing Scientist Responsible for coming up with new processes or new products in 3D printing technology Usually requires Masters degree in Engineering or Design to conduct further research in the field Should have good understand of 3D printing process, materials used. Should have aptitude for innovation and creativity. 3D Printing Scientist

What kind of courses and degrees or certifications I can do to enter this field?:

Here’re a sampling of courses and certifications and degrees in 3D Printing.

Category Description Institute/Organization Website
Course 3D Printing and Biofabrication Course Utrecht University, Faculty of Medicine (UU) UtrechtSummerSchool
Certificate 3D printing testing and certification UL is a global independent safety science company 3D Printing Testing Certification
Online course 3D Printing Essentials Microsoft Virtual Academy Microsoft

Professional Associations or Organizations:

Here’re a few associations or organization that you can join to network with other professionals in 3D Printing

Association Description Website
3DPA The 3D Printing Association 3DPA
Association of 3D Printing Association of 3D Printing Association of 3D Printing
AMSI Addictive Manufacturing Society of India AMSI

Resources:

Here’s a few resources to learn more about 3D printing and the applications of the same.

Resource Description Link
Mashable Explains: YouTube Channel What is 3D Printing and how does it work? Video & Channel
Harvard Business Review 3D printing will Change the world, by Richard A. D’Aveni HBR
Goembed Block Diagram of DLP 3D Printer Goembed
3D Printer Produces a solid 3D image from a Designed Digital File 3D Printer


Nano Technology

What is this technology?:

Nanotechnology is science, engineering, and technology conducted at the nanoscale, which is about 1 to 100 nanometers.A nanometer is one-billionth of a meter. Nanoscience and nanotechnology can be used across all the other science fields, such as chemistry, biology, physics, materials science, and engineering.(Definition from http://www.nano.gov/)

As the application of this technology in our daily lives is growing so the opportunities for careers in this field are expanding rapidly.

To learn more, you can check sources like YouTube or Wikipedia. We’ve found one such interesting video that explains what is this technology about. Here’s the link.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WOqEk440JZ8

 

Education and Skills:Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary field mainly dealing with Science and Engineering. Good foundation in either of these fields can help you gain entry into the Nano Technology field. Not every role will require a Ph.D. Even a high school diploma with relevant certification may help someone fetch a job in this field as technicians or other related roles. People with high school diplomas, a dree, post graduate education or Ph.Ds all are going to contribute to the growth of this field.

Careers:Since this is an evolving field, new roles are likely to emerge in the next 5 to 10 years. But the careers in this field are likely to range from Nanotechnology technicians to engineers to scientists to entrepreneurs and many more related fields.

A Few Companies that are in this Area:

Company Name Sample products Main focus website
Nanotech ultra-precision machining systems Diamond Tuning,Micro-Grinding,Micro-Milling & Glass Press Molding Nanotech
zyvextech aerospace, automotive, marine, industrial and sporting equipment industries Nano-engineered materials Zyvextech

What kind of Jobs are available in this field?:

Here’re a few sample jobs to give an idea about the kind of the skills needed and the roles in Nanotechnology.

Job Role Job Description Education Requirements Other Skills Source
Medical Scientists Medical scientists and technicians plan to use nanotechnology for various patient treatments, such as delivering potential cures or repairing cellular damage. Medical degree, Ph.D., or both Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. MedicalNewsToday
Food Scientists and Technologists Professionals in the food science industry plan to apply nanotechnology throughout the stages of food production, processing and quality control. Bachelor’s or graduate degree FST Journal
Electrical Engineers Engineers utilize nanotechnology for many purposes, such as designing computer components, creating explosive-resistant materials and building microscopic sensors. Bachelor’s degree Need practical scientific skills and an eye for detail. wyzant

What kind of courses and degrees or certifications I can do to enter this field?:

Sample courses and certifications and degrees in Nano Technology are given below to get an idea.
Category Description Institute/Organization Website
Course The programme at the Amity Institute of Nanotechnology comprises of conceptual knowledge of nanoscience and nanotechnology Amity Institute of Nanotechnology Amity Edu
Certificate Nanotechnology certificate Harvard Extension School Nano Technology Certificate
Degree or Diploma B.S., M.S. Microelectronic Engineering, Rochester Institute of Technology RIT Edu

Professional Associations or Organizations:

Here’re a few associations or organization that you can join to network with other professionals in NanoTechnoloy.

Association Description Website
NIA Nanotechnology Industries Association NIA
IAN International Association of Nanotechnology IAN
ANNA Asian Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Association ANNA
ENNA European Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Association ENNA

Resources:

Here’s a few resources to learn more about Nano Technology and the applications of the same.

Resource Description Link
Demo Video Invisibility cloaks, bulletproof suits and cancer cures, we enter the minuscule world of nanotechnology with these 10 awesome facts. Demo Video
Article An article by National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Networkcompany describing the new product line Article
Link to an image Product or technology description in images Link to an image
Tool or a method Techniques and tools used in Nanotechnology span from traditional methods to using new technological advances in the field. Tool or a method