News reporters gather information, develop factual stories and produce articles or multimedia for broadcast. Employers tend to look for publication or broadcast experience. You can get experience at university or through internships. However larger companies require prospective reporters to have a great deal of experience.
New reporters tend to begin at smaller companies tackling general assignments. After gaining some experience, reporters can get specialized assignments.
Education:Bachelor’s degree in Journalism, Communication or a related field. Experience is preferred.
Skills:Passion, Curiosity, Initiative, Logical thinking, organization and self-discipline, Flexibility, Team working and communication skills, Well-developed reporting skills, Broad general knowledge and good research skills.
Typical Day in The Life (DILO) or Work Schedule of someone pursuing that career.
This is a fictitious calendar of the work schedule and is meant to give an idea of the different tasks that the professional performs and different people that the professional needs to coordinate with.
This DILO or the Work Schedule may differ from organization to organization and context.
DILO, Day In The Life of:
|9:00 am – 11:00 am||Interview with a CEO of a big business. Take pictures. Record the interview.|
|11:00 am – 12:30 pm||Prepare the draft version of the interview and edit.|
|1:00 pm -1:30 pm||Respond to emails.|
|1: 30 pm – 2:00 pm||Review the supplemental information collected on the CEO.|
|2:00 pm – 5: 00pm||Update the write up. Supplement with audio and video clips for the online version. Submit to the editor.|
|5:30 pm –7 pm||Review the shortlisted items for tomorrow’s interviews and write ups. Finalize the list. Submit to the editor for approval.|
|7:00 pm||Leave for home|
Exact career path may change from organization to organization, but below is a typical path.
Career Ladder Image:
Description For Certifications:
Professional Certifications or Credentials:
|Certification||Description||Career Level||Certifying Body|
|CRR||Certified Real-time Reporter||Entry Level||NCRA|
|RRWN||Reporting, Researching, and Writing the News||Entry Level||NYU School of Professional Studies|
|Reporting and Writing||Reporting and Writing||Entry Level/Expert/Professional||UCLA Extension|
Description For Associations:
Professional Associations or Organizations:
|IRE||Investigative Reporters & Editors||IRE|
|IJNET||International Journalist’s Network||IJNET|
|SAJA||South Asian Journalist Association||SAJA|
Links to a few Tools/Techniques (Also called Career Management Tools or Career Tools) and Methods (Also called Career Method Tools or Techniques) that the professionals in that career path tend to use, like this:
|TileMill||Journalists can use TileMill to create interactive maps that show how data are spread over a particular area. It’s an especially useful tool for stories that have a strong geographic component.||TileMill|
|Tableau||Tableau Public is a free tool for making interactive graphs and other visualizations that allow your readers to explore the numbers behind a story.||Tableau|
|Ushahidi||It looks like crowdsourcing for news is here to stay; reporters can turn to crowdsourcing sites such as PIN and Ushahidi for first-person accounts of events. Ushahidi was created in the aftermath of the 2007 Kenyan election; it mapped (via Google maps) reports sent in via text and email from people on the ground during the crisis.||Ushahidi|
Links to a few Methods (Also called Career Method Tools or Techniques) and Tools/Techniques (Also called Career Management Tools or Career Tools) that the professionals in that career path tend to use, like this:
|1. Watch the news.||Understand the tone and language used by the reporters. Pay close attention to what kind of news is presented and how it is presented,|
|2. Read||Be a voracious reader. Read not only the subjects that you’re covering, but also the peripheral information. Focus on non-fiction.|
|3. Practice speaking and reading aloud.||Practice public speaking and reading aloud if you’d like to a TV reporter facing the cameras.|
|4. Network||Widen your network through various means to have appropriate and reliable connections to gather the content for news.|